Real estate developments can become a norm among the working population. The Indian Real Estate Market is fast going through a learning curve. Rising interest rates have impacted the credit availability to the sector, global economic conditions seem to have subdued the demand from investors and occupier’s alike, Indian real estate stocks are down and the once soaring real estate values appear to be plunging.
Nevertheless, it is hoped that this is a transitory phase and the picture that would emerge once the churn is over will be a personification of permanence that is bound to happen as the real estate industry continues to move along a high growth curve. The economic liberalization and the ensuing information technology revolution have been instrumental in giving the real estate market its present form. MNCs-led demand for quality office space resulted in modern buildings springing up in new suburban locations.
Relaxing the Foreign Direct Investment regulations for the real estate sector opened the floodgates for foreign capital inflow into realty sector. The much required capital in the last few years has facilitated widespread development of residential property, commercial property, retail and hotel projects in the country.
It has also been instrumental in organizing the market to a large extent and bringing it closer to real estate markets in other developing countries around the world. Excited real estate developments as the growth is a sign of the emerging far-reaching and long-term trends that will drive robust growth for the real estate sector in the years to come.
Foremost would be the institutionalization of the sector and the definite change in the ownership structure. Instead of individuals, private equity funds, hedge funds, REIT funds, insurance companies, pension funds, banks and other financial institutions would own, invest or manage real estate assets in residential property, commercial property, hotel projects, IT park and shopping mall construction.
This will also lead to sophistication in the financial structuring of real estate investments. They will provide access to capital, both debt and equity capital from public and private sources. Apart from offering an exit route for the real estate developers to revolve funds will also allow individuals investors to be a part of the real estate market.
On the product side, there will be further advancement in residential project, residential township project India, township construction planning, housing planning in India and shopping mall construction with management techniques in order to optimize costs, meet construction timelines and achieve environmental and health and safety guidelines, intelligent, energy efficient green buildings will become the norm of the day.
Infrastructural projects including roads, airports, ports and inter-city connectivity will witness increased private sector participating and evolve as real estate play. This will significantly augment the availability as well as the quality of these services in the country.
Real Estate transactions will become easier due to availability of research data, computerized land records and simpler processes for transfer of land titles and taxation. Optimistically, all these would be the basics for evolving transparency and uniformity in the real estate market. After witnessing periodic highs and lows, the interest rates and real estate process will undergo a rationalization and will finally be market driven.
The above listed trends are some key real estate events that are most likely to take shape in next decade. The Indian real estate industry is lined up for a complete revolution. This revolution shall not restrict itself to the metros but has already seeped into interiors and smaller and new towns and cities. Moreover, this expansion will not be confined to a particular sector but will encompass residential, commercial, infrastructure and logistics, in terms of space and range. This growth is expected to continue, at least for the next few years.